coal exploration methods

Borehole Electromagnetic Method for Exploration of Coal

Borehole Electromagnetic Method for Exploration of Coal Mining Goaf Benyu Su1 2 Jingcun Yu1 2 Chenxing Sheng3 1Institute of Applied Geophysics School of Resource Earth Science China University of Mining and Technology University St 1 221116 Xuzhou China 2State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics Deep Underground Engineering China University of Mining and Technology

Presidential Decree No 972 Department of Energy

Government to Undertake Coal Exploration Development and the area on behalf of the Government in accordance with good coal mining practices using modern methods appropriate for the geological conditions of the area to enable maximum economic production of coal avoiding hazards to life health and property avoiding pollution of air land and waters and pursuant to an

COAL EXTRACTION AND PROCESSING

stage of coal extraction in which suitable coal is located and methodology for extraction is determined Basically coal exploration involves discovering new coal seams coal deposits In this stage coal must be defined by its size shape and quality and a detailed schedule and method for extraction and management must be planned

Coal Exploration and Mining Methods The Role of

COAL EXPLORATION AND MINING METHODS THE ROLE OF GEOLOGISTS IN THE TECHNICAL ACTIVITITES KEYTERMS COAL means a black or brownish black solid DELIVERY POINT means the point at which Coal combustible rock containing less than 40% non reaches the delivery facility as agreed upon by the combustible inorganic components

Exploration on Methods of Making PAFC Using Coal Gangue

The paper expounded the impact of coal gangues on environment Also it deals with the feasibility of making polymeric aluminum and ferric chloride PAFC using coal gangue Through orthogonal test the paper explores such factors as roasting temperature roasting time hydrochloric acid concentration reaction temperature and grain size influence on the making process and give

Innovative Exploration Methods for Minerals Oil Gas and

Innovative Exploration Methods for Mineral Oil Gas and Groundwater for Sustainable Development provides an integrated approach to exploration encompassing geology geophysics mining and mineral processing In addition groundwater exploration is included as it is central to the development of earth resources As the demand for coal minerals oil and

Neu Methodology

Methodology Which companies end up on the GCEL The aim of our database is to identify all companies that play a significant role in the thermal coal value chain In contrast to many other databases the GCEL therefore includes not only coal miners and coal power producers but also companies involved in coal exploration coal processing coal trading coal transport logistics coal

Coal Exploration Based on a Multilayer Extreme Learning

 · The demand for coal has been on the rise in modern society With the number of opencast coal mines decreasing it has become increasingly difficult to find coal Low efficiencies and high casualty rates have always been problems in the process of coal exploration due to complicated geological structures in coal mining areas Therefore we propose a new exploration technology for coal

Coal mining Wikipedia

Coal is also mined today on a large scale by open pit methods wherever the coal strata strike the surface or are relatively shallow Britain developed the main techniques of underground coal mining from the late 18th century onward with further progress being driven by 19th century and early 20th century progress However oil and gas were increasingly used as alternatives from the 1860s

Coal Lignite Exploration Landtech

Drilling is the traditional and still the most common method used in coal exploration Most coal companies rely heavily on borehole data to evaluate their mine properties However for the Underground Coal Gasification UCG and Coal Bed Methane CBM it is necessary to map the subsurface coal and to detect other spatial properties of

Airborne Applications for Coal Exploration Gem Systems

These methods have been used for a number of years but GEM is now the first to offer an ultra high sensitivity magnetometer capable of resolving subtle characteristics of coal deposits Targeting Coal Deposits From a physical perspective coal deposits have a number of properties that are useful in exploration Firstly coal deposits are less magnetic than igneous or metamorphic rocks

Direct Method Determination of the Gas Content of Coal

coal samples obtained from exploration cores The gas content of coal per unit weight as determined by the direct method test can be used as a basis for a preliminary estimate of mine ventilation requirements and to determine if degasification of the coalbed in advance of mining should be considered Since the Rureau began measuring the gas content of coal samples in

Coal Exploration And Mining Geology

Coal Exploration and Mining Methods The Role exploration is the first part of a Geological input to a mining project is essential not continuous process that if successful only to the exploration program mine design and leads to the establishment of a new coal if Coal feasibility study but also to the pre production mine or the extension of an existing mine Reserves in development

Coal Mining Makomo Resources

When coal seams are near the surface it may be economical to extract the coal using opencast mining methods which recover a greater proportion of the coal deposit than underground must account for environmental protection including initial exploration and reclamation Drilling

The coal mining life cycle Mining for schools

Exploration Coal exploration includes gathering data which allows for decisions to be made on the desirability of further exploration the technical feasibility of mining and economic feasibility including the size of the mine and the quality of the coal Geologic mapping aerial photography and photogrammetry are all used in exploration

Converted wave seismology for coal exploration CSEG

Despite the success of multi component seismology and associated converted wave PS wave imaging methods in the petroleum industry there has been relatively little effort devoted to shallow high resolution converted wave imaging in the coal sector By analogy to petroleum scale applications converted wave seismic imaging in the coal environment offers interesting

Method for evaluation of the cleanliness grade of coal

methods for selection of the evaluation indices and pro posed the selection principles for the evaluation parame ters Limited by a lack of regional research many researchers have their own opinions on the criteria for selection of evaluation indexes for coal cleanliness how ever the indices normally include A d S t d F Cland potentially toxic trace elements in coal For example Yang et al

Coal Sampling and Analysis Standards

Coal Centre Coal sampling and analysis standards 4 Abstract Each year billions of tonnes of coal are traded in regional and international market for use in power generation steel and cement making and many other purposes In commercial operations the price of coal

Coal Exploration an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Coal exploration activities to discover coal reserves include creating a geological map of the area carrying out geochemical and geophysical surveys and exploration drilling The mining operation only begins if the coal can be economically recovered As per the BP statistical review the world coal reserves are estimated to be 1035 × 10 9 t 1035 billion tonnes [2]

Geophysical method of exploration of coal

Geophysical method of exploration of coal Products As a leading global manufacturer of crushing grinding and mining equipments we offer advanced reasonable solutions for any size reduction requirements including Geophysical method of exploration of coal quarry aggregate and different kinds of minerals

Coal mining and transportation Energy Information

 · Mining coal Coal miners use large machines to remove coal from the earth Many coal deposits called coal beds or seams are near the earth s surface while others are deep mining methods allow coal miners to easily reach most of the nation s coal reserves and to produce about three times more coal in one hour than in 1978

Drilling Methods Used in Coal Mines Geology for Investors

 · Additionally exploration drilling is used to identify or confirm the location of faults folds dikes sills and other geologic features that may influence how the coal is ultimately mined As mining progresses from the initial exploration phase to the latter stages of exploration and into production a higher level of detail about the site s subsurface is required

Types of Oil and Gas Exploration Methods Profolus

 · Three main types of oil and gas exploration methods 1 Surface methods Oil and gas exploration using surface methods are based on either one of the two principles The first is to survey the geological feature of the surface to determine sedimentary rock formations and repeated folds and faults or salt domes in subsurface rock formation Note that the rocks that contain oil and gas are all

Coal Lignite Exploration Landtech

Drilling is the traditional and still the most common method used in coal exploration Most coal companies rely heavily on borehole data to evaluate their mine properties However for the Underground Coal Gasification UCG and Coal Bed Methane CBM it is necessary to map the subsurface coal and to detect other spatial properties of the coal seam with a high degree of accuracy Here the

What are the main methods of mining American

There are four main mining methods underground open surface pit placer and in situ mining Underground mines are more expensive and are often used to reach deeper deposits Surface mines are typically used for more shallow and less valuable deposits Placer mining is used to sift out valuable metals from sediments in river channels beach sands or other environments

Exploration on Methods of Making PAFC Using Coal Gangue

The paper expounded the impact of coal gangues on environment Also it deals with the feasibility of making polymeric aluminum and ferric chloride PAFC using coal gangue Through orthogonal test the paper explores such factors as roasting temperature roasting time hydrochloric acid concentration reaction temperature and grain size influence on the making process and give the best

Coal Lignite Exploration Landtech

Drilling is the traditional and still the most common method used in coal exploration Most coal companies rely heavily on borehole data to evaluate their mine properties However for the Underground Coal Gasification UCG and Coal Bed Methane CBM it is necessary to map the subsurface coal and to detect other spatial properties of the coal seam with a high degree of

EVOLVING EXPLORATION METHODS

An evolving exploration method is reviewed that uses the coals as local timelines with trap limits defined using structural and stratigraphic indications from the seismic This method combined with ideas of source and trap has recently proved successfu l in extending the play Examples of some of the hydrocarbon traps and concepts are shown that may help with evolving ideas and future

Airborne Applications for Coal Exploration Gem Systems

These methods have been used for a number of years but GEM is now the first to offer an ultra high sensitivity magnetometer capable of resolving subtle characteristics of coal deposits Targeting Coal Deposits From a physical perspective coal deposits have a number of properties that are useful in exploration Firstly coal deposits are less magnetic than igneous

Coal Exploration Techniques by Micheal Moroskat

 · Caliper measures the hydrogen content Coal has uniquely low density Good quality coals have low radiation sub bituminous and bituminous = source is high energy neutrons measures the width of the borehole Must use with other logs to distiquish coal interprets velocity in different rock types

Borehole Electromagnetic Method for Exploration of Coal

staggered grid finite difference method by parallel computing Because of limitation of computer resource staggered grid finite difference method whichwasdeveloped by Yee [11] has not beenemployedin the geophysical field until 1980s Borehole Electromagnetic Method for Exploration of Coal Mining Goaf Benyu Su1 2 Jingcun Yu1 2 Chenxing Sheng3

Coal mining Wikipedia

Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground Coal is valued for its energy content and since the 1880s has been widely used to generate electricity Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production In the United Kingdom and South Africa a coal mine and its structures are a colliery a coal mine is called a pit

Mineral Exploration Drilling

Indochina Geotechnics JSC is proud to become the first Vietnamese company that owns and operates a reverse circulation RC drilling system for mineral exploration and grade control in the first large scale RC job in Vietnam By using RC system the significant cost up to 50% and time saving up to 400% has been achieved in comparison with

Coal Quality Exploration Technology Based on an

 · Abstract This paper proposes a new coal quality exploration method that detects coal quality in coal mining areas and explores and monitors the distribution and change of coal through remote sensing images First we collected a large number of coal and noncoal samples such as sandstones shales and coal gangues Second we measured the actual spectral data of these

ASSESSMENT OF A GEOPHYSICAL COAL EXPLORATION METHOD

methods of coal exploration Two seismic methods 1 multi channel analysis of surface waves MASW and 2 shear wave SH wave analysis were evaluated to determine their usefulness as coal exploration tools The MASW method was useful to model the relief on the bedrock surface Since the geophone spacing utilized was 5 feet m a very accurate mapping of the unconsolidated material

Coal Exploration and Mining EOLSS

I Coal Exploration and Mining Lixun Kang ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems EOLSS Summary This article is primarily intended to introduce some general knowledge of coal exploration and mining The first part of this article deals with the purposes and operative methods of coal exploration in terms of field studies literature surveys map